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This subdivision looks at how riders and their vehicles would be best managed for the car-ferry undertaking. It starts with an analysis of the procedures available at our base – Luton Airport. It is envisaged that riders should get at out dedicated parking country ( see figure 2 ) and go through a security cheque. Clearly, this will affect signage and should be comprehendible non merely to English talkers. As with the other airdromes, the parking country would be negotiated with Luton Airport in order to supply a best possible location near plenty to the terminus and cargo lading countries.

As Table 1 shows, whilst the auto is checked utilizing a security incline with a camera underneath such as used at Dover port, the riders will attach to their luggage and look into it through an initial security system. Once cleared, the luggage can be returned to the vehicle and the riders will be taken with their hand-baggage to the terminus to expect embarkation. Economically, it would be more convenient to utilize the airdromes bing installations ( security Gatess, sofas ) for our riders and this will necessitate to be negotiated and taken into the concluding costing considerations.

The vehicle itself will be driven by out staff and one time cleared enters a secure from where it can be taken to the apron in readying for burden.

Table 1. Sequence of events at Luton Airport.

Phase 1.

Phase 2.

Phase 3.

Phase 4.

Phase 5.


Passengers arrive with vehicles

Passengers present luggage for security cheque

Passengers reload luggage into vehicle

Passengers transported to terminal to look into in and expect embarkation

Passengers board


Vehicles parked in pronounced zone

Vehicle undergoes security cheque

Vehicle checked on incline

Vehicle driven onto unafraid country to expect lading

Vehicles loaded and secured.

Whilst this undertaking identifies the several airdromes as good campaigners for an air-ferry service, each has its ain specific judicial admissions and particulars that will necessitate to be taken into consideration. These airdromes include:

  1. Faro Airport in Portugal.
  2. Federico Fellini International Airport in Italy
  3. Palermo International Airport in Sicily ( Italy )
  4. Geneva International Airport
  5. Granada Airport in Spain
  6. Nice International Airport in France.

Table 2 shows a generic form of debarkation for our riders. This phase is relatively simple nevertheless the mechanics of the operation with respect to cargo may change harmonizing to the airdrome. The usual boarding and debarkation understandings will necessitate to be made with respect to equipment for riders and their transition through the airdrome.

Table 2. Arrival procedure.

Phase 1.

Phase 2.


Aircraft lands and taxis to stand. Perform stand modus operandi. Passengers disembark.

Passengers proceed through terminus to auto aggregation zone. ( A courtesy coach may be required harmonizing to airdrome. )


Baggage animal trainers begin droping of vehicles

Vehicles taken to collection parking zone.

The undermentioned subdivision looks at the machinery required to lade and unload vehicles and identifies countries where there may be specific issues to be considered.

There are several methods of lading cargo onto aircraft and most contain two phases. The first is to raise the cargo to the right degree to come in the aircraft. The 2nd phase is to travel and procure the cargo in the right places within the aircraft. For our intents, the first phase could include aircraft lifts ( specialised fork-lifts ) or rage to raise the vehicles to the right degree. The following phase is best achieved by turn overing floors. There are options to put vehicles on palettes or within containers. The concluding option is to physically drive them aboard although the latter has several safety issues and does non suit with the best infinite use defined in this undertaking ( the Airbus A300/600R eight auto constellation ) .

Before go oning, it is besides of import to recognize that most airdromes will already hold lading animal trainers with machinery that is capable of lading our vehicles. Current tendencies are traveling progressively towards the outsourcing of the ULD system ( unit burden device ) direction ( Payload Asia 1999 ) . Most airdromes have their ain groundhandling services or are services by some of the major administrations such as Worldwide Flight Services, Servicair and Aviapartner. Rental or hire of machinery and animal trainers, and alliance of agendas so as to do this executable, will theoretically cut down the costs well and will necessitate probe. For illustration, Federico Fellini airdrome, Rimini, has developed the Riviera Cargo Resort in 2004 that contains a full scope of lading managing machinery, including a high stevedore. Faro Airport has Britannia Cargo and its associated machinery. This being the instance, the chief consideration is to do the onboard systems fit as broad a scope of lading managing installations as possible. All indexs show that this will best be achieved by a turn overing floor system.

Where this undertaking requires new machinery, it is difficult to specify exact bing as most of the machines will necessitate to be custom made. However, there are a figure of houses, both international and more local, that trade with lading lading systems. Seimens is one of the major houses and can provide for a full security cheque service ( including X ray ) and lift burden to the aircraft ( see Cargo Managing Systems 2006 ) . Boeing besides has the capacity to bring forth usage made systems as demonstrated by its new nomadic auto lift system ( Boeing, 2006 )

Table 3. Cargo lading options.

Lift and axial rotation systems

The Joloda traveling floor option capable of transporting up to 30 metric tons. The first image shows a simple path line, the 2nd is a hydraulic Rollins system already used for airfreight – the hydraroll pneumatic rollertrack system.

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Airbus specific systems

Rheinmetall Defence Electronics has produces the lading systems for the Airbus. Theses include a ball mat and roller floor system to put the lading. hypertext transfer protocol: //

Airbus Transport InternationalAirbus A300 ( Picture courtesy of Airbus ) demoing the capacity of the aircraft to accommodate to cargo tonss.


0Dura-ramp. Custom made inclines for aircraft burden.

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This is merely one illustration of a extremely competitory market where custom-built inclines are readily available.

There are a figure of international houses that deal with building of lading managing machinery. Table 3 shows a choice of these and outlines the merchandises we are interested in. Whilst it is possible to cut down the variables by put ining a turn overing floor system in our chosen aircraft, the lift method has more room for pick. If the vehicles are non containerised, they will necessitate to be secured by a tie down system. There needs to be allowance made for the cost of these ties and clasps excessively. As table 3 shows. Airbus already has a bing compatible mechanised majority lading system, which they can lade into these aircrafts. They have developed a turn overing floor system ( the sliding rug ) with Norse Belly Loading Co. and the telescopic bin with Air Cargo Equipment Corp. The skiding rug ( turn overing floor ) option would accommodate our vehicles

In decision, lift systems and lading animal trainers are available at most of our mark airdromes. Where this is non so, usage made inclines or lifts would avoid the necessity for lasting burden constructions and let the aircraft to execute normal apron based burden of riders. A roller system on board allows for easy burden and unloading of the vehicles. The issues environing disparate methods of burden and unloading ( Hoelper, 2005 ) has been shown to make jobs. In order to simplify the procedure farther, the vehicles could be loaded onto palettes and secured prior to lading on the aircraft. This would besides rush up turn around clip for the aircraft. Palettes can be made by any one of the above named makers.


Airbus lading systems ( 2006 ) . Accessed 26ThursdayJune 2006. hypertext transfer protocol: //

Boeing ( 2006 ) Line production systems. Accessed 26ThursdayJune 2006. hypertext transfer protocol: //

Hoelper, ( 2005 ) . Problems with disparate lading systems. Accessed 26ThursdayJune 2006. hypertext transfer protocol: //

Human Engineering Limited ( 2004 )Human Factors and Airport Design and

Operation A Capability Statement.Bristol, UK.

Warhead Asia ( 2005 ) ‘Groundhandling.’ Accessed 26ThursdayJune 2006. hypertext transfer protocol: //

Seimens ( 2006 ) ‘Cargo Handling Systems ; doing the best usage of available space’ .Accessed 26ThursdayJune 2006. hypertext transfer protocol: //

Freight transporting information hypertext transfer protocol: // accessed 26th 2006

Federico Fellini Airport, Rimini. Cargo managing. Accessed 26ThursdayJune 2006

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