The point of position in Brave New World is 3rd individual, omniscient ( omniscient ) . The storyteller is non one of the characters and is gifted with the ability to state the reader what is traveling on within any of the characters ‘ heads. This technique is made clear in the 3rd chapter.
The Director was one of the first characters introduced to us, and opened up the novel by explicating the generative system. I found him to be an bothersome know-all. In fact, subsequently on in the novel, when Mustapha Mond comes in, it is proven that the Director is non the most powerful figure.
Henry Foster was a scientist/researcher, represented an ideal citizen in the courageous new universe. Lenina was really similar to Foster. Her lone mistake was that she spent a long clip with one adult male.
The first thing I noticed as I began the novel was the cardinal function that engineering obviously played. The authorities practically used engineering to govern over the people. The function of engineering can besides be seen in the caste system. The Alphas were made the most powerful by engineering. I besides recognized some spiritual elements and comparings. The World State worshiped engineering merely as Christians worship Jesus. Another spiritual construct that I grasped was that of predestination. It was the belief held by the Puritans, the thought that God take your hereafter. This thought is what enforced and justified the dramatis personae construction. Through preparation and strict enforcement persons blindly accepted their given functions in society.
The Director makes it clear in the first chapter that societal stableness was the end for the pupils, but the satirical manner that Huxley embellishes upon us proves that it could take to devastation.
The whole thought of genetically commanding persons freaked me out! I tried to conceive of myself populating in such a universe ; a universe where people were genetically bred to believe and make things a certain manner. I truly could n’t conceive of a universe in which creativeness and a sense of individualism were nonexistent.
As I continued to read, I felt a turning disfavor for the World State. In my sentiment, they fundamentally misused the great sum of engineering they had, by utilizing it to genetically condition worlds. I was disgusted by the manner they treated human reproduction merely like the production of goods. Human existences were produced in certain measures, and were made indistinguishable to each other by multiple procedures. This evil system fundamentally created a dehumanising society in which no sense of individualism could perchance boom. The importance of each person was wholly ignored so that the kids could be loyal to their parents. This seemed to back up the warped economic system that forced citizens to give their individualism, in order to function the society.
I found chapter 3 to be peculiarly difficult to read, merely because the writer went back and Forth between some state of affairss.
Traveling back to the whole thought of human reproduction, once more I was so disturbed by the careless manner in which it was regarded. Traditional thoughts of sex were discarded as immature kids engaged in sexual drama. When Fanny and Lenina are speaking about Foster, and Fanny accuses her of being involved with merely one adult male, Huxley once more efficaciously displays how worlds are genetically controlled to act a certain manner. Fanny and others in the society were genetically bred to believe in the thought that everyone belonged to everyone-else.
I was excited when Huxley introduced the character Bernard Marx. Marx does non suit into society because he feels uncomfortable about society in general. I can already feel that Marx is traveling to be the supporter of the novel, and perchance arise against the authorities. His conversation with Helmholtz reveals that he is instead timid, and afraid of the World State happening out about his activities. I could besides state that he is in love with Lenina for many different grounds. The first being, he hated the manner Foster and the Assistant Director spoke of her as though she were an animate being. The 2nd, he was really aroused when she told him she would attach to him to the barbarian reserves.
I ca n’t wait to happen out what happens following, and I am peculiarly funny about the barbarian reserves.
The usage of engineering to command the society is a immense repeating subject that I noticed in this novel. The Bokavnovsky Process, controlled reproduction, conditioning, and hypnopaedia are all illustrations of this subject. I besides noticed the difference between scientific discipline and engineering. It seems to me that the World State uses scientific discipline to construct technological betterments to do a perfect Utopian society. The World State controls scientific discipline, and bounds it because scientific discipline is meant to seek out the truth, and discover new things, both of which the World State do non desire. The World State uses scientific discipline but seems to differ with what scientific discipline seeks.
In Chapter 5, when Henry and Lenina are discoursing the crematory, they come near to happening many mistakes within the caste system, but with the influence of hypnopaedia, Lenina becomes happy once more and forgets the mistakes. “ We ca n’t make without any 1. Even Epsilons are utile. We could n’t make without Epsilons ” ( Huxley, 74 ) . This quotation mark is when Lenina remembers waking up as a little miss and hearing the terrorization messages whispered in her slumber. Henry Foster reminds her of this quotation mark in their treatment about decease, and how irrespective of the caste system, everyone will finally be equal. This citation accurately illustrates the power of insistent hypnopaedia and beliefs that form the pillars of the World State.
An interesting thing that I noticed after reading Sparknotes was that: “ In these chapters was that the scene was altering quickly: from Henry ‘s chopper to Westminster Abbey Cabaret to a crematory ; from Bernard ‘s flat to the Community Singery ; and more. I feel like some of the shifting of the scene was used so that the reader could see a twenty-four hours in the life of a World State citizen. ” *paraphrased from sparknotes
Throughout these four chapters, I found a batch of hypnopedic expressions, most of them coming from Lenina. I think Lenina is a instead interesting character. At times, we see her oppugning thoughts about society and how its tally, but the influence of conditioning ever seems to predominate over her, as she retreats to her conditional thoughts of being happy in her dramatis personae and looking cavalierly at those in other castes. The puting alteration from the chopper to the crematory shows how conditioning had the ability to maintain the population from oppugning the beliefs of the World State.
The undermentioned transition is from the vocal that was sung during the Solidarity Service.
Ford, we are twelve ; oh, make us one,
Like beads within the Social River ;
Oh, make us now together run
Equally fleetly as thy reflecting Flivver. ( Huxley, 81-84 )
The transition is an illustration of how the World State values Ford, about like their God. The World State worships engineering as a faith to maintain the citizens from being persons. Subsequently on in the novel Shakespeare ‘s work is mentioned by John, contrasting with this cockamamie transition. This transition besides highlights the subject of inconspicuousness. The World State society vies to standardise worlds, worlds that are identical from each other similar to machines on an assembly line. The perennial calls to “ Ford ” besides indicate out the connexion to the assembly line.
( The last stanza of the transition ( Orgy scup… ) indicates that the World State has non succeeded in their mission to wholly destruct human emotions. The World State uses Solidarity Service as a manner to pass over away emotions wholly. ) *Paraphrased from Sparknotes
I besides found it ironic that Bernard himself is one of the chief people responsible for the hyponepedic phrase, but when he tries to get away the thoughts it enforces he is engulfed by a crowd of people like Lenina who blindly accept the “ truth ” . Throughout the chapters, the basic pillars of society are exposed. Soma is used in the book as a replacing for intoxicant, where people in society usage it to cover with unpleasant emotions. The caste system and conditioning are used to do society more of import the person. The function that engineering and scientific discipline drama in the mundane life of a citizen is besides seeable.
There besides seems to be a more ugly manner that the World State controls its citizens. We can see that Bernard is cognizant of the effects of his beliefs during his conversation with Helmholtz, in which he shows marks of fright that person is listening to their conversation.
Outside of work, I noticed that most citizens of the World State are seldom entirely. Take Lenina for illustration ; she is invariably with person, go forthing no clip for her to reflect upon herself. This keeps the citizens busy at all times and obedient to the World State.
I thought Chapters 7 and 8 were peculiarly intriguing because they contained important information that made me look at each character otherwise.
After reading about Linda ‘s experiences on the Reservation, it is clear that she is wholly incapacitated. She has no thought how to make basic jobs and ca n’t even take attention of her ain kid, every bit much as she loves him. I noticed how the World State citizens are dependent on the authorities, and as a consequence society is built up in a structured and civilised mode. It is besides clear that Linda misses civilisation and she craves for haoma. Linda besides knows nil besides for what she did in the society created by the World State aa‚¬ ” which had to make with embryos. Linda is besides greatly misunderstood on the Reservation, because her ain upbringing and civilization differ so much from the Indians on the reserve. As a consequence, she and her boy are cast off and stray.
I liked how the writer used a flashback on John ‘s childhood. This was effectual because it gave Bernard and the reader, information that would suit in anxiously elsewhere. I found it interesting that Huxley chose non to state the narrative in chronological order. Since Huxley has already introduced the World State, it has a better consequence in the center.
John is a misfit in the reserve, isolated from everyone. He has the advantage of hold oning both his female parent ‘s instructions every bit good as those of the Indians on the reserve. John besides read Shakespeare during his free clip, absorbing yet another civilization.
Brave New World relates to Shakespeare ‘s The Tempest on many different degrees. We studied the Tempest in Honors Shakespeare, so I was rapidly able to place that both Brave New World and the Tempest are fables of colonisation.
In a sense, I feel that the World State plays the function of a coloniser, efficaciously dividing the colonized from their tradition.
These chapters signify a new beginning in John ‘s new life at the World State. We can see the difference and the struggles between John ‘s ethical motives and those of the World State citizens.
Throughout these chapters, we besides learn a batch about John ‘s character. He tries non to touch Lenina unlike other World State citizens who would travel for instant satisfaction. I found the place John was in rather interesting. He is the lone individual life in the World State without traveling through conditioning.John reads Shakespeare which is unheard of in the World State, and likely even inexplicable.
The power of conditioning is revealed when John reads Romeo and Juliet. So far, we have seen Helmholtz as a Nonconformist, but here we are reminded that even he went through conditioning. Helmholtz laughs at the portion when Juliet ‘s parents force her to get married Paris, but he appreciates Shakespeare ‘s linguistic communication. John identifies himself with Romeo, and Lenina as Juliet, so Helmholtz fundamentally insulted him by express joying. Obviously, Helmholtz ca n’t assist it, because his ethical motives greatly differ from John ‘s.
John quotes Shakespeare frequently throughout these chapters bespeaking the contrast between the expressions of the World State citizens. When John and Lenina fought I noticed that both of them spoke in quotation marks and phrases, as if they had memorized them. John ‘s propaganda makes more sense than Lenina ‘s, because following to Shakespeare, the hypnopedic phrases sound stupid. I think the apposition of both is a good illustration of Huxley ‘s satirical manner.
The importance of societal position is illustrated by conversation between the Director and Bernard. The Director attempts to abash Bernard in public. I think this is yet another illustration of the World State commanding persons. World State citizens are forced to conform because of equal force per unit area and the danger of embarrassment.
I thought it was reasonably amusing when Bernard reveals the Director ‘s true colourss, by exposing the dirt affecting John and Linda. We can see that Bernard is so despairing to utilize John and Linda to travel farther, uncovering that he will make anything to derive a higher societal topographic point.
John ‘s first feeling of the World State society is similar to my ain. The society disgusts him and he sees the civilization to be immoral, bogus, and brutal.
Again we can see the subjects of The Tempest, which play a large function in this novel. Back in the reserve, John believed that he was like Miranda, easy larning to love the brave new universe introduced to him. Now, he is seen as “ The Savage ” , and is similar to the character of Caliban. Bernard, who introduced John to the new universe and expects him to be obedient to him, represents Prospero.
In the beginning of the four chapters, Lenina is hooked onto haoma. Soma is the lone manner for her to cover with unpleasant emotions that were brought approximately by the reserve. I found it ironic that she was on haoma for the bulk of her existent holiday.
My old thoughts of Bernard as a “ hero ” and a “ Nonconformist ” went out the window. Bernard as a character went through many alterations that astounded me. He wants to take advantage of John, and utilize him to mount higher up in society. I think it is gross outing when it is revealed that Bernard was discontent with the World State merely because of his societal standing, and non because he wants to populate as an “ single ” . Success gets to his caput as he lavishly enjoys his position as Alpha, and drops his friendly relationship with Helmholtz.
The thought that truth and felicity are incompatible was enforced in these chapters. Linda ‘s destiny is a great illustration of this subject. Everyone in society except for John is happy with leting Linda to utilize haoma, even though they know it will kill her. The World State believes that human existences are things that should be “ used up until they wear out. ” Similar to manufactured goods, people get old and useless, and they become disposable.
In these chapters, we are introduced to the Hospital for Dying in which the inhumane logic that the World State utilizations for decease is revealed. At this point, John is wholly gangrenous and is unable to digest the absurd behaviours of the World State. John ‘s female parent, Linda, is hooked on haoma and does n’t understand his fury. He is named “ the Savage ” . John comes to recognize that he is merely a butt… .how sad
The flood tide of this novel comes to its greatest highs when John is unable to take any more of the World State. Every small thing bit by bit disturbed him until he could n’t take it any longer and he incited a great public violence.
Again we see John contending to decline Lenina, and when she tries to pull him, he reprimands her for interrupting a moral codification ; one that she does n’t even cognize approximately. John reads Othello, which after I did some research focuses on the relationship between a Moor and his important other. Othello is a black adult male, and of class John identifies himself with him. Similar to John, Othello misperceives his married woman as a rubbishy figure, and finally kills her.
We can clearly see the conflict between truth and felicity as John tries to do the Delta workers rebel by throwing off the haoma. He tries to do truth their ultimate end and non happiness. Unlike the World State citizens, John would instead experience even the unpleasant human emotions instead than imbibe the haoma. Soma makes the bulk of the citizens live like kids, and non like responsible grownups.
Bernard is once more despairing to mount up the societal ladder. He is afraid that back uping John will convey him down ( which it does ) . He is ever caught between tie ining with John and being an obedient citizen.
I think it is interesting that Mond believes that merely because Shakespeare is old agencies that he does n’t lend to consumer behaviour. We can now see that consumerism is in fact the chief end of the BNW. Huxley does n’t demo us a universe different from ours, but instead a contemplation of our ain. We see the most atrocious facets of our universe exaggerated.
Mond fundamentally argues that of import facets of humanity such as feelings, passions, committednesss, relationships, equality, and statement about the things that must be sacrificed to make a “ stable and happy ” society.
At this point of the novel, I reasonably much despise Mustapha Mond. I feel like his statement is stupid and selfish. He is at the top of the opinion category and he does n’t hold to follow every regulation. In my sentiment, he is merely interested in maintaining his ain place, and he does n’t care approximately society as a whole.
In the beginning of Chapter 17, Bernard and Helmholtz are both exiled to the islands, typifying a triumph for the universe province. I see this as a menace to citizens in the World State. The authorities tries difficult to do themselves look intimidating and endangering ; penalties such as ostracism are meant to maintain citizens obedient to the World State.
I had a difficult clip following the statement from the old chapter, but as I reread it many times, the message became clear. The lone intent in a World State citizen ‘s life is to fulfill their ain desires. Mond besides makes it clear that faith is something that World State citizens do n’t necessitate, because they do n’t see loss, heartache, hurting, or old age. I thought this was peculiarly interesting..I think there is some truth in his words, what do you ridicule believe?
In these chapters, the linguistic communication contains the same tone as the remainder of the book which is a combination of sarcasm, irony, and a spot of earnestness. The tone of the last two chapters seems particularly moralistic and serious, and in the conversation between Mond and John, we see subjects of faith and morality discussed. I think the chief subjects of this fresh include the usage of engineering to command a population, the thought that felicity and truth can ne’er travel together, and consumerism.
The last subdivision of the fresh portrays John perpetrating self-destruction. Here we can see a subject emerging aa‚¬ ” the thought that truth and felicity are incompatible. John values truth over felicity ; he does n’t desire to give in to Lenina so he ends up perpetrating suicide. We can besides see the contrast between John and Lenina. John follows a moral codification, whereas Lenina merely cares about fulfilling her ain desires.
I can eventually see why Mr. Read put this on the summer reading list. The society in the book is merely an hyperbole of our ain universe, and I think this connexion is an of import 1 that he wanted us to recognize. The book besides explains that truth and felicity are incompatible, another of import subject.
I think it is improbably astonishing that Huxley could believe this far in front for his clip, and some of the things he wrote about ( the feely in Chapter 12 ) , were reasonably make bolding in his life-time, when segregation was in consequence.
Overall, BNW was a reasonably good book. It was instead upseting, certain, but it brought approximately many things that I had ne’er thought of earlier, such as the power a futuristic authorities can hold on a society.