“Animal Farm” by George Orwell
The novel “Animal Farm” by George Orwell tell a simply, though interesting and impressive story about the rebel of the oppressed farm. In such a way the author symbolically portrays the Soviet Union regime. The oppressed pigs rebelled against the farmer, Mr. Jones as they wanted to rule the farm themselves and to become its equal members. Orwell tended to create the utopian sort of communism, in which individuals should work depending on capacity and respect. Nevertheless, despite all efforts, pigs failed to seize the power and their venture failed and Orwell’s story ended up being the dictatorship of pigs. The author stresses that they were the brightest, though the most idle among the animals on the farm. “Animal Farm” is very simple in reading, though it displays hidden symbolism. The author explained that his novel was “the history of revolution that went wrong”. I think that this novel contributes historical science as it offer in-depth analysis of reasons why communism regime has failed, though the novel is a fairy-tale proving that people aren’t equal because of racial and gender discrimination.
Further, George Orwell mentioned himself: “Animal Farm was the first book in which I tried, with full consciousness of what I was doing, to fuse the political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole”. Actually, each character in the story is provided with historical and social type and every event presents the Russian Revolution and the first years of the existence of the Soviet Union state. It is necessary to underline that historical relevant of the novel as it is among the best book about the Russian Revolution. The book plays crucial role in shaping and re-shaping the popular view of revolution.
The author skillfully and vividly portrays the reality of totalitarian regimes providing detailed overview of communist practices in ironic, satire and simple story-telling way. The novel is well-organized and well-structured, so that the targeted audience is able to identify the reasons why communism has failed even from the very beginning of the novel. Author’s description of various animals on the farm makes everything clear and understandable. Animals entered the barn and took their seats when listening to their leader. The father of communism in the novel is considered the Old Major.
Each animal is entailed with different attitudes and features.When Orwell hinted on pig’s future role, he wrote: “settled down in the straw immediately in front of the platform”; when he described affectionate horse Clover stressing her desire to protect ducklings, he added that it “made a sort of wall”, and so on. Pig named Squealer was responsible for brainstorming and propaganda. As the writer noted, Squealer “could turn black into white”. Moreover, Squealer managed to change the overall rule from “all animals are equal to all animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others”.
From the very first chapters it was apparent that revolution of the oppressed animals is doomed, though the author tried to present idealistic picture. Actually, author tended to display his motto: “no animal must ever tyrannize over his own kind. Weak or strong, clever or simple, we are all brothers”. When the oppressed animals drove out the farmer, they worked out their code of “Seven Commandments” which aimed at protecting equality and prosperity of animals. The pigs were natural leaders, though instead they reversed the commandments referring to terror and propaganda. Pigs decided to establish the rule of elite pigs with Napoleon as their leader.
Summing up, George Orwell described in his novel how the desire of power turned the pigs from equal comrades into dictators who walk on two legs and carry whips. The novel is symbolical analysis and presentation of the Soviet regime and communism. The author warns readers about the totalitarianism and power of absolute nature. He shows that power changes people making them amoral. Orwell ends his story with a warning to the humankind: “The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again: but already it was impossible to say which was which”.
Cannon, Damian. (1998). Animal Farm. Retrieved November 4, 2007, from http://www.film.u-net.com/Movies/Reviews/Animal_Farm.html
Orwell, George. (2003). Animal Farm. USA: Signet Classics.
Reclaiming the Revolution. Retrieved November 4, 2007, from http://flag.blackened.net/revolt//freeearth/animalfarm.html