Annotated Bibliography

Gianotto, Alison. (2006). Animal Cruelty. Retrieved October 30, 2007, from

This is an excellent internet source of information on animal cruelty. It focuses on educating the public about the problem of cruelty to animals and has concise but essential articles the types, forms, cases and other aspects of advocacy against animal cruelty. The website indicates that animal cruelty has many forms and these are: neglect, animal hoarding, poisoning, shooting, bestiality or zoophilia, and animal fighting. Most commonly observed form of animal cruelty is neglect wherein the animal is either abandoned or not provided by their basic needs such as food, water, and shelter. It also involves the absence of the provision of proper veterinary care like when the dog is emaciated, non-appetent, and not alert the owner or person responsible for the animal take no action to alleviate the condition or bring the animal to a veterinarian. The result is the worsening of the dog’s condition which could have been prevented by proper treatment and care. Another form of animal cruelty is animal fighting. This is defined as the breeding and training of animals for the purpose of letting them fight in a ring or arena so that people can gamble. Winners of this type of gambling are those who placed their bet the animal that won the fight. This is extremely cruel because the animals have injuries after the fight and might even die due to the acquired injuries. This website encourages the participation of the public in the organizations fight against the problem.

Merz-Perez, L. & Heide, K. (2003). Animal Cruelty: Pathway to Violence against People.

             Rowman Altamira.

Amazing presentation of information can be noted in this book that tackles animal cruelty as well as it’s relation to acts of violence against people. It is full of information that is very in-depth about the advocacy on the protection of the animal’s welfare. It is able to identify that animal cruelty is a complex phenomenon that occurs daily not only in United States but to other parts of the world as well. The causal factors of animal cruelty are either intentional or due to neglect. Different examples of cases of animal cruelty that are cited in the book include the following: a chowchow (dog) that was shot and the perpetuators not known; a dog that was dragged behind a vehicle which resulted to severe injuries of the dog’s feet, and a dog was inflicted with much pain due to the loss of it’s hind limb that was chopped by the owner’s boyfriend. The above examples of animal cruelty that were mentioned in the book are the results of human beings violence against those loving animals. This violence was found to have a direct correlation in also inflicting pain to other human beings.

Arluke, A., & Luke, C. (1997). Physical Cruelty Toward Animals in Massachusetts. Society &

            Animals Journal of Human-Animal Studies. , 5(3).

This is a research article that illustrates the Massachusetts justice system’s response to   animal abuse cases that are reported or filed. Indicated in this article is that the bulk of animal cruelty in the area is domestic animal cruelty wherein dogs are the most common victims of physical violence. Abuses are mostly done by adult males and an example of these abuses is shooting of dogs. Cats on the other hand are victims of beating by adult men that are with the companion of their friends. Abusers that are found guilty are either fined, jailed, pays restitution, placed under probation, or undergoes counseling that is required by the court. Reports of animal abuse are not regarded well by criminal professionals because they do not consider animal cruelty as a serious crime despite the laws that are established for the protection of animals against acts of violence.